[ Browse by Service Category : Mental Health and Substance Use Disorder Services : Sub-Topics of Counselling Approaches (55) ]

Behavioural Learning Therapy

Programs that specialize in providing therapeutic interventions that are based on the principle that most disorders are learned ways of behaving that are maladaptive and consequently can be best modified in more adaptive directions through relearning. Treatment focuses directly on modifying the individual's troublesome behaviours without reference to introspection, mental processes and contents, or analysis of the origins of the problem.

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Body Therapies

Programs that specialize in providing therapeutic interventions that involve a substantially nonverbal, body-oriented approach to theory and practice. Body therapy approaches are based on the proposition that available energy is used to maintain a state of chronic muscle tension and is thus not available to the individual to use in the task of living.

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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Programs that specialize in providing therapeutic interventions that treat thoughts and cognitions as behaviours which are amenable to behavioural procedures.

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Pastoral Counselling/Chaplaincy Services

Programs that specialize in providing therapeutic interventions which focus on helping people relate to and resolve their problems and concerns in the context of their religious/spiritual beliefs.

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Psychodynamic Therapy

Programs that specialize in providing therapeutic interventions that are based on any of the psychological systems that explain behaviour in terms of motivational forces at the unconscious level. Therapy focuses on the mental and emotional forces or processes, especially those experienced and developed in early childhood, and their effects on the individual's past and current behaviour and mental states.

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The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.