[ Browse by Service Category : Leisure Activities/Recreation : Sub-Topics of Recreational Activities/Sports (197) ]

Archery

Programs, often offered by local archery clubs or target range facilities, that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy archery, an indoor or outdoor sport in which the participant uses a bow to shoot arrows at a target with the objective of hitting the circle in the centre of the target (the bulls-eye). The programs may provide archery instruction and access to equipment and facilities, and may sponsor or make arrangements for athletes to participate in archery competitions.

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Boating

Programs that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy the sport of boating using any of a wide variety of watercraft.

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Boxing

Programs that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy the sport of boxing. Included are recreational boxing programs for participants who are interested in the physical training and fun associated with the sport without competing; and Olympic-style boxing programs for people who may be interested in competition.

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Cheerleading Programs

Programs that provide organized opportunities for people to learn and become competitive in cheerleading, the activity of calling for and directing organized cheering (as at a football game). Services may include coaching for individual cheerleaders or cheerleading squads, special camps where participants learn new skills and routines and organized competitions.

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Cycling

Programs, often offered by local bicycle clubs and/or bicycle shops, that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn how to ride a bicycle, participate in group bicycle riding activities and/or to become competitive as amateurs in the sport of bicycle racing. The programs may sponsor or make arrangements for cyclists to participate in cycling competitions, usually at the local, regional or provincial level.

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Disability Related Sports

Programs that provide opportunities for people of all ages with functional or cognitive disabilities to learn, become competitive in and enjoy a wide variety of recreational activities and sports, many of which are played in wheelchairs or have otherwise been modified to accommodate the athletes' disabilities.

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Diving

Programs that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy the sport of diving using a springboard or diving platform. The programs may provide diving instruction and sponsor or make arrangements for athletes to participate in diving competitions, usually at the local, provincial or regional level.

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Fishing

Programs, often offered by local fishing clubs, that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn and enjoy the sport of fly and bait fishing in saltwater and freshwater environments. Many fishing clubs sponsor competitions for members. Also included are programs that maintain private stocked fishing preserves or fish camps that people who enjoy fishing can visit as a vacation option.

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Gambling

Organizations that provide opportunities for people of legal age to wager money on games of chance or other activities in hopes of profiting from the outcome.

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Games

Programs that provide opportunities for people to learn, become competitive in and enjoy card games, board games, lawn games and other mental or physical competitions which are governed by a set of rules and decided by skill or luck.

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General Recreational Activities/Sports

Programs that offer a range of organized recreational activities, sports and games that people of all ages can learn, become competitive in and enjoy.

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Golf

Programs, often offered by local golf associations or clubs, that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy golf. The programs may offer golf instruction, provide opportunities for golfers to play on a regular basis, make arrangements for golf outings and vacations, and/or sponsor or make arrangements for golfers to participate in amateur tournaments either locally or at golf resorts throughout the country.

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Gymnastics

Programs, often offered by local gymnastics clubs, that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy gymnastics, the sport that involves floor exercises and use of the still rings, balance beam, vault, pommel horse, parallel bars, uneven bars, horizontal bars and other gymnastics equipment.

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Hiking

Programs, often offered by local hiking clubs, that provide opportunities for people of all ages to participate in group backpacking activities on hiking trails in different types of terrain. Individual hikes vary in length and level of difficulty.

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Horseback Riding

Programs that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy in the art of equitation. The programs may provide western and English riding instruction, jumping instruction, dressage instruction, and opportunities for pleasure riding; and may sponsor horse shows or other informal competitions which enable students and other local riders to demonstrate the skills they have acquired.

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Hunting

Programs that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn and enjoy hunting, a sport in which game birds, game fowl and/or game animals are pursued and shot during approved hunting seasons, either for food or for trophies. Hunters generally use hunting rifles or bows and arrows and must have an appropriate licence to legally pursue the sport.

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Martial Arts

Programs that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy the martial arts, any of a variety of combat or self-defence arts that are practiced as sports.

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Motorcycle Riding

Programs that provide opportunities for people of legal driving age to ride motorcycles as a recreational activity.

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Mountain Climbing

Programs, often offered by local mountaineering clubs, that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn climbing skills and participate in mountaineering as a recreational activity.

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Off Road Vehicle Riding

Programs, often offered by local off road vehicle clubs, that provide opportunities for people of legal driving age to ride four wheel drive vehicles, all terrain vehicles (motorized cycles with three or four balloon-style tires that are designed for off-road use in a variety of terrains and are commonly known as ATVs), snowmobiles or other off road vehicles (ORVs) as a recreational activity and/or to become competitive as amateurs in the sport of off road vehicle racing. ORVs are motor vehicles that can be operated cross-country without benefit of a road or trail over land, snow and other natural terrain. The programs may sponsor or make arrangements for riders to participate in competitions, usually at the local, regional or provincial level.

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Scuba Diving

Programs that provide opportunities for people of all ages to explore the underwater world using underwater breathing equipment including a mask, fins, wetsuit, tank of compressed air, a mouthpiece connected by hose to the air tank and a pressure gauge which measures the amount of air consumed. Included are programs that provide diving instruction and issue diving certificates to those who have successfully completed the course.

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Shooting

Programs, often offered by local gun and rifle clubs, that provide opportunities for people to learn, become competitive in and enjoy shooting. The programs are generally open to people of all ability levels; have divisions for juveniles as well as adults; provide practice and training sessions; offer firearm safety education; and may sponsor or make arrangements for members to participate in local competitions in which marksmen and women use pistols, rifles and/or shotguns to fire at stationary or moving targets from either a standing or prone position.

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Skateboarding

Programs that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy the sport of skateboarding.

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Skating

Programs, often offered by local skating clubs, that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy the sport of skating on a range of surfaces using a variety of equipment.

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Skiing

Programs, often offered by local ski clubs, that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy skiing. The programs are generally open to people with a variety of ability levels and interests; and may organize ski trips and sponsor or make arrangements for athletes to participate in skiing competitions. Also included are programs that provide skiing instruction.

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Sledding

Programs that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy any of a variety of winter sports involving vehicles on runners designed to be used on snow or ice.

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Sleigh Rides

Programs that sponsor recreational activities in which participants go for a ride in a horse-drawn vehicle on runners in the snow.

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Snowmobiling

Programs, often offered by local snowmobile clubs, that provide opportunities to participate in group snowmobile rides, racing events, social events and a wide variety of other activities related to the sport of snowmobiling.

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Snowshoeing

Programs that provide opportunities for people to learn, become competitive in and enjoy snowshoeing, a winter sport in which participants move over gently sloping snow-covered trails while wearing a flat device resembling a racquet, which is attached to the sole of a boot and used for walking on snow. Also included are organizations that sponsor, hold or make arrangements for athletes to participate in snowshoe competitions.

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Squash

Programs, often offered by local athletic clubs, that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy squash, a singles or doubles game played in a four-wall court with a long-handled racquet and a rubber ball that can be hit off any number of walls. The programs may provide squash instruction for novices, sponsor in-house competitions for recreational players, and offer league play for more serious athletes.

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Surfing

Programs that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy surfing.

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Swimming/Swimming Lessons

Programs that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy swimming. Included are programs that provide swimming lessons for people who are unable to swim.

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Synchronized Swimming

Programs, often offered by local synchronized swimming clubs, that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy synchronized swimming, a water sport in which swimmers perform choreographed manoeuvers synchronized to music. Included are programs for novices who are interested in recreational swimming and for serious swimmers who want develop the skills necessary to compete. The program may provide instruction in synchronized swimming and may sponsor or make arrangements for swimmers to participate in synchronized swimming competitions.

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Team Sports/Leagues

Programs that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy the cooperative recreational activity or sport of their choice. These programs may provide coaching to help members play efficiently as a team and are often organized into leagues, i.e., groups of teams that are formed to play one another in organized competitions. Uniforms; access to playing fields, courts and other facilities; sporting equipment; and officials for competitions may also be available.

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Tennis

Programs that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy tennis. The programs may provide coaching assistance to help people play to the best of their ability and access to tennis courts and tennis equipment; and may sponsor make arrangements for players to participate in tennis tournaments and provide officials for the events.

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Track and Field

Programs that provide opportunities for people of all ages learn, become competitive in and enjoy one or more of the games that are associated with track and field including running, hurdling, pole vaulting, shot put, the long jump, the high jump, the triple jump, discus throwing, hammer throwing and javelin throwing. Heptathlon (a five event contest) and decathlon (a 10 event contest) are also part of track and field.

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Trapshooting

Programs that provide opportunities for people of all ages to shoot at clay targets that are thrown in such a way as to simulate the angles of flight found in wing shooting.

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Wrestling

Programs, often offered by chartered wrestling clubs, that provide opportunities for people of all ages to learn, become competitive in and enjoy Greco-Roman or freestyle wrestling, a sport in which two athletes attempt to throw one another off balance with the objective of pinning their opponent. In freestyle wrestling, both the arms and legs can be used to lift, throw and/or pin an opponent or defend against an attack; in Greco-Roman style wrestling, only the arms can be employed in legal moves and the legs of the opponent may not be attacked. Wrestling programs may provide coaching assistance, access to necessary equipment and facilities, and may sponsor or make arrangements for athletes to participate in amateur wrestling competitions which are structured for different age groups. Officials for the matches may also be available.

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The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.