Programs, usually within the formal education system, that provide a variety of services that address the problems students may be having at home or in the broader community that adversely affect their performance in school. Services may include preparing a social or developmental history; providing group or individual counselling for the student and family; working with problems in the student's living environment (home, school and community) that are affecting the student's functioning in school; consulting with staff regarding enhancement of the educational program for a particular student; and mobilizing school and community resources to enable the student to benefit from his or her educational program.
Programs that pay for or provide textbooks, notebooks, pens, pencils, calculators, book bags and other essential educational supplies required for classes at the elementary/secondary level or at a college or university.
Programs, usually within the formal education system at elementary, secondary and post-secondary levels, that provide information and guidance on an individual or group basis for students, including students with disabilities, who are experiencing personal, interpersonal or family problems such as substance abuse, loss of a family member or friend, divorce of a parent, personal and sexual relationships issues, dealing with bullies; or problems that arise as a part of school or university life such as test-taking anxiety, fear of oral examinations or participating in classroom discussions, tension or inexpressiveness in difficult interviews or procrastination in studying.
Programs that provide special assistance and accommodations that support the ability of students with visual, hearing, physical, emotional, learning or other disabilities to achieve their academic goals and participate in, contribute to and benefit from the institution's programs, services and activities.
Programs, usually within the formal education system, that provide basic health services for school age youth. Services usually include general physical examinations, treatment for minor illnesses and injuries, administration of prescription medication and health screening. Services for students with special health needs may include special feedings, clean intermittent catherization, suctioning, administering medication, and planning for the safety of a student in school. Some programs may provide sexuality education and related services including personal relationship counselling, pregnancy testing, screening and treatment for sexually transmitted diseases and birth control counselling.
Student activity and co-curricular programs that provide opportunities for participants to explore interests, develop abilities and utilize talents in working with other students and staff.
Programs, usually within the formal education system, that operate school buses which transport students to and from school. Also included are programs that issue vouchers that enable students to use other means of transportation to and from school or which reimburse parents in situations where their children are not served by the school transportation system.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.