Educational partnerships between community organizations (e.g., businesses, civic groups or professional organizations) and local schools that provide a means of expanding learning opportunities available to children and youth. The local organization "adopts" a particular school and undertakes educational projects in conjunction with teaching staff. Activities are designed to meet the needs of the individual school and may include mentoring, lectures or demonstrations, sponsorship of after school projects and field trips, donations of equipment and supplies, incentive awards for academic achievement and opportunities for students to gain experience in a particular business or industry.
Programs within the formal education system or offered by outside agencies which utilize a variety of instruments to gather information about an individual's abilities, skills, understanding, knowledge, achievement, or educational, psychological or medical difficulties for the purpose of screening and selecting individuals for admission to an educational institution or program or for developing a plan of individualized instruction to help students who have exceptional needs overcome their learning problems.
Programs that provide advice and guidance for students who need assistance in choosing courses or areas for major study, preparing for a vocation or further education, or coping with learning problems, or who, because of lack of familiarity with Canada or other circumstances, require specialized support.
Programs that enable students who demonstrate financial need to obtain the financial assistance they require to meet their educational and living expenses while in school. Most students receive a financial aid package which includes aid from a combination of sources that may include loans, scholarships, grants, work-study awards, and fellowships or assistantships for graduate students. Also included are programs that help current and former students make arrangements to defer, repay or obtain forgiveness for student loans.
Offices and centres on elementary/secondary school and college/university campuses that are responsible for basic administrative services such as recruitment, admissions, registration and enrollment, and housing; support for students including health and mental health services, assistance for students with disabilities, meal services and transportation; access to an ombudsman for students with grievances; and involvement opportunities through fraternities, sororities, school clubs and student government. Some services such as school supplies may also be provided by outside organizations.
Programs that provide supplemental instruction for students who are having difficulty with their coursework or who want to get more out of their regular educational program.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.