[ Browse by Service Category : Basic Needs : Sub-Topics of Housing/Shelter (455) ]

Emergency Shelter

Programs that provide a temporary place to stay for newcomers, travellers, people who are in crisis, or homeless individuals in the community.

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Emergency Shelter Clearinghouses

Programs that coordinate requests for emergency shelter by screening homeless individuals who apply using criteria established by the shelters, maintaining lists of individuals who have been aided, and checking new applicants against the lists before referring them to a resource that can meet their needs. Emergency shelter clearinghouses help to avoid duplication of service and maximize the availability of shelter resources while relieving the agencies of the task of handling requests directly. Also included are programs that refer people needing shelter to an appropriate resource, but which are not the sole source for this information.

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Home Improvement/Accessibility

Programs that pay for or provide assistance in the form of consultation, labour and/or supplies for people want to build an accessible home or need to upgrade their homes to make them attractive, safe, accessible and energy-efficient.

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Home Purchase/Construction Financing/Refinancing

Programs that provide direct or guaranteed loans or grants for the construction, purchase or refinancing of a home.

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Housing Expense Assistance

Programs that pay current housing bills or finance new living accommodations for people who are otherwise unable to provide for their housing needs. Housing expense assistance programs may have age, income, disability, need or other eligibility requirements.

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Housing Search and Information

Programs that assist people to find and select available purchasable or rental housing, commercial lots and/or residential lots which meet their individual needs.

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Moving Assistance

Programs that provide assistance for people who are moving from one residence to another or who are moving their homes from one location to another.

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Resident Services Coordination Programs

Housing authorities, housing developers or nonprofit organizations operating rental housing communities that offer the assistance of resident services coordinators to the families, older adults or people with disabilities who live there. Resident services coordinators assess the needs of tenants within the project; determine their eligibility for community services; identify affordable resources; link them with appropriate providers; educate residents regarding service availability, application procedures and client rights; and provide advocacy as needed. These programs may also establish volunteer support relationships with service organizations in the community; help residents build informal support networks with other residents, family and friends; provide training for residents in the obligations of tenancy; and educate residents regarding issues that will assist them to live as independently as possible.

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Residential Housing Options

Temporary or long-term residential options for individuals and families who are looking for housing. Included are market rate and subsidized rental and purchase options; facilities for people who do not want to establish independent households or cannot afford to do so; and housing for older adults and people with disabilities who are capable of maintaining independent living in a communal environment without any form of supervision, care or support. Structures may include single family dwellings, apartment buildings, duplexes, triplexes, congregate living facilities, mobile home parks, single room occupancy (SRO) housing and other shared housing facilities.

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Subsidized Housing Administrative Organizations

Organizations that make rental housing more readily available to low-income individuals and families by administering federal and local housing programs.

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Supportive Housing

Programs that provide an alternative living arrangement for individuals who, because of age, disability, substance abuse, mental illness, chronic homelessness or other circumstances, are unable to live independently without care, supervision and/or support to help them in the activities of daily living; or who need access to case management, housing support, vocational, employment and other services to transition to independent living.

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Supportive Housing Placement/Referral

Programs that link people who are in need of a community care facility or other supportive housing placement with an appropriate provider.

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Transitional Housing/Shelter

Programs that provide extended shelter and supportive services primarily for homeless individuals and/or families with the goal of helping them live independently and transition into permanent housing. Some programs require that the individual/family be transitioning from a short-term emergency shelter. The length of stay varies considerably by program. It is generally longer than two weeks but typically 60 days or more and, in many cases, up to two years or more. The supportive services may be provided directly by the organization managing the housing or may be coordinated by them and provided by other public or private agencies. Transitional housing/shelter is generally provided in apartment style facilities with a higher degree of privacy than short-term homeless shelters; may be provided at no cost to the resident; and may be configured for specialized groups within the homeless population such as people with substance abuse problems, homeless mentally ill, homeless domestic violence victims, veterans or homeless people with AIDS/HIV. Included are post-domestic violence shelter housing programs that make affordable rental housing (or other accommodations) available to women, generally those who are coming directly out of a domestic violence shelter or other crisis shelter, often in apartment complexes owned by the shelter; and programs that provide transitional housing and support services for other targeted groups such as military and veteran families and others who need a temporary supportive living environment to maintain stability and begin to thrive.

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The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.